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托福语法技巧:it is和there is的比较

以下这些例子有助于防止把这两种形式混淆:

it is+形容词;there is+名词:

It is foggy./There is a fog.

有雾。考试大论坛

It was very wet./There was a lot of rain.

很湿。/下了不少雨。来源:考试大网

It won’t be very sunny./There won’t be much sun.

天气不会很晴朗。

it is与there is都可以表示时间和距离:

It is a long way to York.

到约克路很远。www.Examda.CoM

There is a long way still to go.

还有很长的路要走。(我们还有好多英里的路程。)It is time to go home.

该回家了。(我们一般是6点回家而现在6点了。)

There is time for us to go home and come back here again before the filmstarts.

在电影开演之前我们有时间先回家一趟再回到这里。(还有足够的时间)

there is+名词/代词和用于识别人或物的 it is+名词/代词的比较:

There is someone at the door.I think it’s the man to read the meters.

门口有个人。我想他是来抄(水、电等)表的。

There is a key here.Is it the key of the safe?

这里有一把钥匙。是开保险箱的吗?

用于分裂句的it is 以及there is的比较:

It is the grandmother who makes the decisions.

做出决定的是老奶奶。(是老奶奶而不是家里的其他成员)

…and there’s the grandmother,who lives in the granny-flat.

……还有老奶奶,住在专用套房里的那位。(有老奶奶其人) 

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