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  Charles Darwin was a scientist who changed our understanding of the natural world. He is known _______ the Father of Modern Biology. Darwin spent all his life _______ nature and making notes about all the species (物种) he found.

Darwin was born in 1809 in England. Like many geniuses (天才), he didn’t do well at school and got _______ marks. He was a good athlete though and loved exploring nature and collecting sea shells. His father was a doctor and expected Charles _______ one too. Charles started studying medicine at Edinburgh University, but soon gave up his studies there.

In 1831, _______ the age of 22, Darwin went on a _______ expedition to South America, Australia and South Africa by ship. He was often seasick, but the things he saw on this long journey _______ his life. Darwin’s most famous book On the Origin of Species_______ in 1859 and sold out in a day. It said that all _______ things were related, which meant that human beings were just another kind of animal. These ideas were not popular at first, but now most people __________ them and admire Darwin as a brilliant scientist.

【1】A.as B.for C.on D.with

【2】A.study B.to study C.studying D.having study

【3】A.well B.good C.little D.poor

【4】A.became B.become C.to became D.to become

【5】A.in B.at C.on D.with

【6】A.5 year B.5-year C.5-years D.5 years

【7】A.saved B.made C.gave D.changed

【8】A.came in B.came out C.came on D.came true

【9】A.live B.lives C.life D.living

【10】A.agree with B.agree to C.disagree with D.disagree to

【考点】
【答案】

【1】A

【2】C

【3】D

【4】D

【5】B

【6】B

【7】D

【8】B

【9】D

【10】A

【解析】

文章大意:本文主要讲了现代生物学之父达尔文的成长故事,并详细介绍了他为探索自然而进行的活动及其著作《物种起源》的观点。

【1】句意:他作为现代生物学之父而知名。

考查介词辨析。A. as作为;B. for因为;C. on在……之上;D. with和。be known as作为……而知名;be known for因……而知名。根据题干中“the Father of Modern Biology”可知此处要用介词as。故选A。

【2】句意:达尔文花费他毕生时间研究自然和为他发现的所有物种作笔记。

考查非谓语动词。“study”意为“学习”。A. study动词原形;B. to study动词不定式;C. studying动名词;D. having study错误搭配。spend some time doing sth.花费时间做某事,是固定搭配。故选C。

【3】句意:像许多天才一样,他在学校表现得不好,成绩不理想。

考查形容词辨析。A. well好,副词;B. good好的;C. little少的;D. poor穷的,匮乏的。get poor marks成绩很差,是固定搭配。故选D。

【4】句意:他的爸爸是一名医生,期望查尔斯也成为一名医生。

考查非谓语动词。“become”意为“成为”。A. became动词的过去式;B. become动词原形;C. to became错误搭配;D. to become动词不定式。expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事,是固定搭配。故选D。

【5】句意:1831年,22岁时,达尔文乘船踏上了一场为期五年的去南美洲、澳洲和南非的探险。

考查介词辨析。A. in在……里;B. at在……;C. on在……之上;D. with和。at the age of …在……岁时,是表示年龄的固定搭配。故选B。

【6】句意:1831年,22岁时,达尔文乘船踏上了一场为期五年的去南美洲、澳洲和南非的探险。

考查复合形容词。根据题干中“a _____ expedition”可知此处要用“基数词-名词单数”构成复合形容词,此处用5-year。故选B。

【7】句意:他经常晕船,但是他在长途旅途中看到的事物改变了他的人生。

考查动词辨析。A. save挽救;B. made制造;C. gave给予;D. changed改变。根据下文说他发表了《物种起源》这本书,可知是改变了他的人生。故选D。

【8】句意:达尔文最著名的书《物种起源》出版于1859年,并且在一天之内卖完。

考查动词短语。A. came in进来;B. came out出版;C. came on加油;D. came true实现。根据句意“达尔文最著名的书《物种起源》____于1859年,并且在一天之内卖完。”可推出此处是说《物种起源》出版。故选B。

【9】句意:书中说所有的生物都有关联,意味着人类是另一种动物。

考查形近词辨析。A. live活着;B. lives动词的第三人称单数或life的复数形式;C. life生命;D. living活着的。living things是固定短语,意为“生物”。故选D。

【10】句意:这些观点期初不受欢迎,但是现在大部分人同意它们并且赞誉达尔文是一名卓越的科学家。

考查动词短语。A. agree with同意;B. agree to同意;C. disagree with不同意;D. disagree to不同意。根据上文“These ideas were not popular at first, but now most people”可推出此处是说同意。with后接表示人或表示意见等的名词,而to后只能接“提议、计划、方案”等词。空后them指代上文中的观点,要用介词with。故选A。

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